In the Galápagos Islands
Several hundred ships are located 390 nautical miles from the exclusive economic zone of the Andean country, after passing through Ecuadorian and Peruvian coasts. The risk to species and the costs to the region of uncontrolled fishing
The current fifteen “Scalesia” species, all unique to the Galapagos Islands, would have diversified rapidly from a common ancestor in “more recent” times, probably in the last million years.
The Chinese fleet that encircled Galapagos devastates the sea and evades regulations. Coverage in Spanish from Mongabay Latam is available here.
An extraction equipment and thermal cycler for the detection of COVID-19 by PCR, as well as detection kits and medical supplies were delivered by the Institute of Microbiology of the San Francisco de Quito University (USFQ), the Galapagos Science Center (GSC) and North Carolina University at Chapel Hill (UNC) to Oskar Jandl Hospital on San Cristóbal-Galápagos Island.
A study developed by Frank Bungartz , renowned lichenologist at Arizona State University and associate researcher with the National Institute of Biodiversity (Inabio) of Ecuador, determined 34 species of lichens of the genera Lecanora, Protoparmeliopsis and Vainionora as part of the Galapagos inventory. (Photo Courtesy: Inabio)
Research indicates that of the 34 species, 14 are new to science : Lecanora atroocellata, L. cactacea, L. cerebriformis, L. cerebrosorediata, L. confusoides, L. darwiniana, L. kalbii, L. malagae, L. ombligulata , L. pyrrhosporoides, L. subaureoides, L. terpenoidea, Protoparmeliopsis ertzii and Vainionora nugrae.
52 bats of the species Aeorestes villosissimus (South American ash) and Lasiurus blossevillii (southern red) have been captured since last September by a team of researchers and park rangers, who took several samples to learn about the importance of this mammal for the Galapagos ecosystems.
The research, carried out by the universities of Idaho, Tennessee, Technical Particular of Loja (UTPL); and the Directorate of the Galapagos National Park, began with captures in the Santa Cruz and San Cristóbal islands and contemplates others in Floreana and Isabela.
Although it has already been proven that the Mar Tropical de Grau reserve has extraordinary biodiversity, the area has not managed to be protected due to the fact that oil fields operate in it. Experts maintain that although the declaration of the Dorsal de Nasca reserve is important and necessary, it does not replace the proposal to protect the Tropical Sea of Grau.
During the United Nations Biodiversity Summit that was held last September, the Peruvian president, Martín Vizcarra, announced that the Nasca Dorsal National Reserve will be created before the end of 2020. In this way, Peru will create its own first purely marine protected natural area and will go from having 0.47% of its sea protected, the lowest percentage of all the countries of Latin America, to protecting almost 8% of its territorial sea. This is an outstanding debt of Peru, considering that this year is the deadline for the countries that signed the Strategic Plan for Biological Diversity, which includes the Aichi Goals, to protect at least 10% of their maritime territory.
Editorial: China and the marine reserve
The estimation of the data collected during the census, based on the methodology applied more than a decade ago, reports that there are 2,290 flightless cormorants and 1,940 penguins in the main colonies located on the Isabela and Fernandina islands and Marielas islets, in the west of the Galapagos archipelago , indicated the GNPD.
The giant tortoises are of the Chelonoidis guntheri species and belong to the population of the Cazuela sector.
Graphic History: The Chinese fleet that encircled Galapagos. Read an in-depth history of the Chinese fleet from Mongabay Latam here.